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Palestra: Physics At The Large Hadron Collider: a New Window On Matter, Spacetime And The Universe

Criada em 27/09/2017 00:21 por maperna | Marcadores: evento fen

Palestra proferida por Harvey Newman para o grande público no dia 27 de setembro, quarta feira, na UERJ, as 17 horas no auditório 91.

Harvey Newman é um dos grandes Físicos do nosso Experimentos no Cern e membro permanente do CALTECH. 

Abaixo titulo, resumo da palestra e um pequeno perfil de Harvey.

Physics at the Large Hadron Collider:
A New Window on Matter, Spacetime and the Universe

Physicists have broken new ground in our understanding of the nature of matter, spacetime and the evolution of our universe. Particle physics from universities and laboratories throughout Latin America and the world have embarked on a journey at the frontier of high energies with the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. Using the CMS and ATLAS experiments and the LHC accelerator, among the most complex instruments ever devised by humankind, and new methods of exploring the scientific data, we have discovered and are now probing the nature of the Higgs boson thought to be responsible for mass in the universe. With the magnificent performance of the experiments and the LHC, we continue to extend our reach in exploring the unknown, in the quest for the more fundamental theory that can describe all the forces of nature and the universe in its first moments. In this lecture I describe the process of search and discovery along several avenues, present the latest results in the search for supersymmetry which brings together particle physics and spacetime, as well as the search for dark matter and for other exotic new particles and forces, and offer a perspective on the road to the next round of discoveries.
Learn More:
Harvey B. Newman is the Marvin L. Goldberger Professor of Physics at the California Institute of Technology.

Newman's research has focused on searches for new particles at colliders at the highest available energies over the last 50 years at Harvard, DESY in Hamburg and CERN in Geneva. In 1978-1982 he co-led the MARK J collaboration at DESY that discovered the carrier of the strong force, the gluon. Since 1994 he and his group at Caltech have had important roles in the CMS that has discovered the Higgs boson. He also led the team at Caltech studying neutrino oscillations in 2004-11.
He has had a central role in the creation, design and uses of computing and particle detector technologies for high energy physics. In computing: the first particle four-vector generators and three dimensional detector simulations incorporating hadronic showers. In detectors: large scale muon spectrometers and the drift cell design used by multiple experiments including CMS today in the central region, and the use of crystal scintillator calorimeters at colliders.
Newman is the founding Chair of the US LHC Users Association of 1000 physicists, engineers and students from 100 US universities and laboratories since 2009, and was on the Chair line of the American Physical Society Forum on International Physics from 2009-12. He has led the annual trips to the US Congress and the Executive Offices (DOE, OMB, OSTP) in Washington since 2008.  
He has had leading roles in the creation, development, and operation of international networks and collaborative systems for HEP and other scientific communities since 1982. He originated the computing model for the experiments at CERN’s Large Electron Positron (LEP) collider in 1981, and initiated the use of international networks for the field of high energy physics in 1982. He was a member of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the NSFNet Technical Advisory Group in the 1980’s, and initiated and has developed the worldwide computing grid used by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) experiments since 1999. 
Newman currently leads or co-leads several projects integrating intelligent, agile software-driven networks with the mainstream data distribution and management systems of the LHC experiments, As the head of US LHCNet from 1995-2015 he led the design, development, management and operation of a fully virtualized transatlantic network in support of the LHC physics program. He has led the science and engineering teams that have established many Internet2 Land Speed Records and SuperComputing Bandwidth Challenge Awards since 2002. He represents the LHC and the science research community on Internet2’s Network Policy, Architecture and Operations Program Advisory Group. 
As Chair of the Standing Committee on Inter-regional Connectivity of ICFA, he has worked to foster greater equality of access in developing countries through state of the art network and grid infrastructures and tools to exploit them most effectively, since 2002. In 2009, in recognition of this work he received the “Jose Bonifacio” medal of the State University of Rio de Janeiro, and Doctor Honoris Causa degrees from  Politehnica University in Bucharest, Romania and the Pavel Josef Safarik University in Slovakia. 
In 2016, Newman received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the US DOE Office of Science, with the citation:
“In recognition of your leadership role in architecting, developing and operating state-of-the-art international networks and collaborative systems serving the high energy and nuclear physics communities in the past 3 decades, and in particular your leadership in developing and promoting the worldwide computing model for the Large Hadron Collider at CERN that was crucial for the discovery of the Higgs boson in 2012.”

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